What is dermabrasion?
In this procedure, the upper layer of the skin is peeled by sandpapering with a special device, and shaving is applied to the scars on the skin. While the procedure is performed, the upper layer of the skin is worn out very carefully by a device, which rotates at high speed and which has a very thin pointed sandpaper stone at the tip, and the re-formation of fresh smooth skin tissue underneath and its covering the surface are ensured.
In which clinical problems is dermabrasion used?
This procedure is used for the removal of mostly acne scars, of the scars, dependent on some diseases (pox disease eruption, etc.), accidents, or surgical interventions, and of thin wrinkles in the face (as it is so around the lips). It is not a successful method in tattoo extraction and in the removal of spots and stretch marks, which form after the delivery.
What is chemical peeling?
Besides the mechanical peeling of the upper layer of the skin, the upper layer of the skin may be peeled by also chemical agents (trichloroacetic acid, phenol, etc.). In this procedure, the active substance is rubbed to the skin by the help of cotton, and it is used for the removal of mostly very thin wrinkles, sun spots/flakes, and for the renewal of the skin.
What issues should one be careful about before these procedures?
Drugs such as aspirin, which increase bleeding before the operation, should be discontinued at least 2 weeks before. Since it may reduce the recovery in the skin, smoking should also be discontinued at least one week before. Before this type of skin renewal procedures, retinoic acid derivatives, peeling agents, and other skin rejuvenation procedures should be discontinued at least 6 months before. If deemed required by your doctor before the application, creams, which are preparatory for the peeling procedure, are recommended.
How is the procedure applied?
Dermabrasion or chemical peeling is performed under local anesthesia, or if they will be performed with other operations (such as facial lift, fat injection to the face), they are performed under general anesthesia. The period of the procedure is generally short. If the irregularity or the spot on the skin is deep and wide, the superficial shaving procedures may be applied a few times with at least 6 months in between. The purpose is the removal of this irregularity without the formation of a very deep wound in the skin, and the refreshment and rejuvenation of the skin.
What issues should one be careful about after the operation?
At the end of the procedure, a dressing is performed to the entire application region by antibiotic pomade. Due to the formed swelling and redness, there might be a temporary discomfort. Pain and burning may be felt. The newly formed fresh skin layer will lift the rind at the surface slowly, and a pink colored fresh and lively skin will cover your face. In this period, it is very important to avoid the strokes, which may be to the face, and to protect from sun beams by a sun cream of high factor for 6-12 months in terms of no spotting. The recovery of the pinkness in the face and the formation of the normal skin color will take at least 3-4 months. In the meantime, non-allergic make-up materials may be used lightly and conveniently.